Reconciled to the great leader, Circe told the hero that he could not get home without first consulting the shade of Teiresias, the blind Theban prophet. She advises the youth to rid his home of the great number of suitors suing for the hand of his mother, Penelope, and to go in search of his father.
By this point, Homer has brought us up to date, and the remainder of the story is told straightforwardly in chronological order. Early on, Odysseus feels compelled to taunt Polyphemus the Cyclops as he escapes from the one-eyed monster.
When Odysseus returns to Ithaca in Book 13 of The Odyssey, Athena disguises him as an old beggar, even going so far as to shrivel his skin, remove the "russet curls" Penelope plans an impossible feat of strength to free herself of her suitors. She tells him where he is, supplies him with clothing, and gives him food and drink.
Both The Iliad and The Odyssey conform to the diction of a purely oral and unwritten poetic speech that was used before the end of that century. Circe is of great assistance after Odysseus conquers her, and the Lotus-eaters might be a little too helpful.
Even when he is taunted and assaulted by the suitors or his own servants, Odysseus manages to maintain his composure and postpone striking back. Step by step, through disguises and deceptions, he arranges a situation in which he alone is armed and the suitors are locked in a room with him.
He ordered them to leave Aeolia at once and denied them any winds for their homeward journey. The recognition scenes with Odysseus' three family members on Ithaca provide significant and sometimes controversial twists on the theme of appearance vs.
In contrast are goatherd Melanthius and maidservant Melantho. With Athena's help, Telemachus calls an assembly meeting of Ithaca's leaders and confronts the suitors.
The Odyssey's depiction of the bard as a minstrel in the service of local kings also gives some insight into the life of the poet practicing his craft. Similarly, the residents themselves — or their friends or kin — may, at some time, be wayfarers.
Throwing aside his disguise, he next shoots Antinous in the throat. Poseidon, ever the enemy of Odysseus, sends great winds to destroy his boat and to wash him ashore on the coast of the Phaeacians.
When the epic opens, Telemachus is at a loss as to how to deal with the suitors who have taken over his home and seek the hand of his mother in marriage for primarily political reasons. Melanthius has become friendly with the suitors and insults Odysseus while the king is still in disguise.
Odysseus' old nurse, Eurycleia, remains loyal to Penelope and her absent master. His own life is in danger; as a pretender to the crown, he is nothing more than so much excess baggage to the men who would be king.
Reality The theme of appearance versus reality is at the core of the relationship between Athena and Odysseus. Only now does Odysseus reveal and prove his true identity to his wife and to his old father, Laertes.
The more complicated a character is, the more he or she engages these major themes. During the Trojan War, he posed as a beggar to enter the city; he also initiated the ruse of the giant wooden horse filled with Greek soldiers, a story retold by the bard Demodocus, not realizing that the hero himself is present, during the visit to Phaeacia 8.
Even when the beautiful goddess-nymph tempts him with immortality, Odysseus yearns for home. Odysseus, on the other hand, by virtue of his wits, will live to a ripe old age and is destined to die in peace. Odysseus has been absent for 20 years, 10 at the Trojan War and 10 more in his journey home.
Odysseus does have extraordinary strength, as he demonstrates in Book 21 by being the only man who can string the bow. Nestor, a wartime comrade of Odysseus, advises Telemachus to go to Lacedaemon, where King Menelaus can possibly give him the information he seeks. Zeus in the meantime sends Hermes, the messenger of the gods, to Ogygia, with orders that Calypso is to release Odysseus.
The goddess, after changing Odysseus into an old beggar, goes to Lacedaemon to arrange the return of Telemachus from the court of Menelaus and Helen.
Aeolus gave Odysseus a sealed bag containing all the contrary winds, so that they could not block his homeward voyage. At a conclave of the gods on Olympus, Zeus decrees that Odysseus should at last be allowed to return to his home and family in Ithaca. Through the use of guile, courage, strength, and determination, he endures.
One day, showing the famous bow of Eurytus, and twelve battle-axes, she says that she will give her hand to the suitor who can shoot an arrow through all twelve ax handles. Menelaus tells Telemachus that he has heard that Odysseus is being held captive by the nymph Calypso.
Thereupon spirits from Hades appeared, among them the shade of Teiresias, who warned Odysseus to beware of danger in the land of the sun god.
Achilles won great kleos, or glory, during his life, but that life was brief and ended violently. After pledging his son to secrecy, Odysseus describes his plan of attack. Penelope questions Odysseus concerning his identity but Odysseus deceives her with a fantastic tale.
Literary Analysis of "The Odyssey" Essay - The Odyssey is a celebrated epic filled with many different themes, motifs, styles, and characters that could be examined in vast detail, but the theme of hospitality is a reoccurring one throughout the entire narrative.
An Analysis of the Theme of Hospitality in Homer's Epic Poem Odyssey PAGES 3. WORDS 1, View Full Essay. More essays like this: the odyssey, homer, hospitality in odyssey. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
Exactly what I needed. The theme of spiritual growth is central to The Odyssey, especially as it relates to Telemachus and Odysseus. When the epic opens, Telemachus is at a loss as to how to deal with the suitors who have taken over his home and seek the hand of his mother in marriage for primarily political reasons.
A summary of Themes in Homer's The Odyssey. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Odyssey and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
The major themes in The Odyssey are especially significant because they serve to form the moral and ethical constitution of most of the characters. The reader learns about the characters through the themes. The more complicated a character is, the more he or she engages these major themes. Essay about Literary Analysis of "The Odyssey" Words | 4 Pages.
The Odyssey is a celebrated epic filled with many different themes, motifs, styles, and characters that could be examined in vast detail, but the theme of hospitality is a reoccurring one throughout the entire narrative.An analysis of the theme of hospitality in homers epic poem odyssey