In contrast, the Northerners, particularly in the areas inhabited by "Yankees," adopted a far different form of pietism, "evangelical pietism. The Case of San Francisco The molding of children was of course the key to homogenization and the key in general to the progressive vision of tight social control over the individual via the instrument of the state.
On the other hand were the foreign-born, largely Catholic immigrants from Europe, Irish, Germans, French, and Italians, who comprised the Democratic party.
Joseph Marr Gwinn, fit the new dispensation to a tee. It was an assemblage of religious enthusiasts. He is the Prohibitionist of Iowa and Wisconsin, crying out against German customs as an invasion of his traditional ideals.
In a wave of major strikes alienated the middle class; the strikes were lost, which alienated the workers. But it was also a curious alliance of a technocratic drive for government regulation, the supposed expression of "value-free science," and the pietist religious impulse to save America—and the world—by state coercion.
The Republicans also managed to curtail voting by immigrants, by getting most states to disallow voting by aliens, thereby reversing the traditional custom of allowing alien voting. If the action of business and intellectual elites in turning toward progressivism was now explained, there was still a large gap in the historical explanation and understanding of progressivism and therefore of the leap into statism beginning in the early 20th century.
It was the diverse culture of the other immigrants that had to be homogenized and molded into that of pietist America. Swett battled for the full reform program: We went back of that and sought first to stop the multiplication of the unfit.
Theodore Dreiser drew harsh portraits of a type of ruthless businessman in The Financier and The Titan Nevins, installed as superintendent of schools inpromptly adopted the rule of the New York City schools: In the late s, however, the stridently anti-Catholic and anti-Irish American party became strong in San Francisco and the rest of the state, and Republican leaders were happy to join them in denouncing the "immigrant peril.
The Southerners, at least until the s, became "salvationist pietists," that is, they believed that the emotional experience of individual regeneration, of being born again, was enough to ensure salvation.
Kennikat Press,p. The biologist Harry H. The most prominent reform group of the s, the Committee on the Costs of Medical Care CCMCwhich was financed by large foundations and made up of physicians, academic economists, and representatives of private interest groups, again relied on research rather than popular mobilization.
Cited in David B. The Irish were particular butts of pietist scorn; a New York City textbook bitterly warned that continued immigration could make America "the common sewer of Ireland," filled with drunken and depraved Irishmen.
In contrast to evangelical pietists were, in addition to small groups of old-fashioned Calvinists, two great Christian groups, the Catholics and the Lutherans or at least, the high-church variety of Lutheranwho were "liturgicals" or "ritualists" rather than pietists.
They wished to determine by state intervention what those families drank and when and where they drank, how they spent their Sabbath day, and how their children should be educated.
Traditional teachers, who were continually attacked for being old-fashioned and "unprofessional," were not promoted. Traditional basic education was scorned, and the edict came down that children should not be "forced" to learn the 3 Rs if they didn't feel the need. Harry Laughlin's report to the House Committee, printed inhelped formulate the immigration law, which, in addition to drastically limiting total immigration to the United States, imposed national origin quotas based on the census, so as to weight the sources of immigration as much as possible in favor of northern Europeans.
But the distance between expert and grassroots health reform has not been insurmountable. The new revival movement swept the Protestant churches, particularly in the North, like wildfire. In turn, ordinary people had trouble rallying around complex proposals that emphasized administrative design and federalist fragmentation rather than a universal right to basic health care.
The expansion of compulsory public schooling stemmed from the growth of collectivist and anti-individualist ideology among intellectuals and educationists. But the paradox begins to clear when we realize the pietist-Anglo-Saxon-Protestant nature of the frontiersmen, many of them Yankees hailing originally from that birthplace of American pietism, New England.
In the s and s, zealous pietists began working ardently for antialcohol instruction as a required part of the public-school curriculum; byevery state in the Union required instruction in temperance.
The great theoretician and founder of the public school system in San Francisco, John Swett, "the Horace Mann of California," was a lifelong Republican and a Yankee who had taught school in New Hampshire before moving West. Books / Digital Text.
The Progressive Era. The Progressive Era and the Family It is instructive to examine the makeup of the progressive reform movement that eventually got its way and overthrew Roncovieri.
It consisted of the standard progressive coalition of business and professional elites, and nativist and anti-Catholic. Theodore Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt: Progressive Crusader. Roosevelt’s analysis not only helps to explain the failings of the. Beginning with the progressive movement and all the way to the massive earthquake of San Francisco.
They have and still do struggle because there are many ways to consider this question and qualify the Progressive Era: such as its definition, time frame, significant turning points and important people, goals, successes, and failures. The New Woman and the Politics of the s Lynn Dumenil T the Progressive Era reform spirit alive in the s.
In the suffrage campaign’s last stages in the late nineteenth and early twentieth A number of organizations, such as the League of Women Voters, the Women’s Trade Union League, and the General. It is instructive to examine the makeup of the progressive reform movement that eventually got its way and overthrew Roncovieri.
It consisted of the standard progressive coalition of business and professional elites, and nativist and anti-Catholic organizations, who called for the purging of. It is instructive to examine the makeup of the progressive reform movement that eventually got its way and overthrew Roncovieri.
It consisted of the standard progressive coalition of business and professional elites, and nativist and anti-Catholic organizations, who called for the purging of Catholics from the schools.An analysis of the progressive era as a number of sources of how the reform got on its way